Document Detail


Structure And Functions Of The Gut Microbiome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25022563     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Over the last decade our understanding of human gut microbiology underwent a tremendous transformation. The limitations of culture-based methods have given way to Next Generation Sequencing techniques, allowing us to understand the microbial gut community in greater depth. The human GI-tract harbours one of the most complex and abundant ecosystems colonised by more than 100 trillion microorganisms, among which Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes are the major phyla. Although stable over long periods, the composition and functions of the microbiome may be influenced by a number of factors including genetics, mode of delivery, age, diet, geographic location and medical treatments. Dysbiosis, changes in microbiome structure, has been linked to inflammatory, functional and metabolic disorders such as IBD, IBS and obesity. However, it is still not clear whether these changes are a contributing factor or a result of the disease. This synopsis provides a chronological overview of the techniques used to study the gut microbiota and the current knowledge with respect to the stability and variability of microbiome composition and functions.
Authors:
Suchita Panda; Francisco Guarner; Chaysavanh Manichanh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Endocrine, metabolic & immune disorders drug targets     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2212-3873     ISO Abbreviation:  Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101269157     Medline TA:  Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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