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Structural optimization of molecular clusters with density functional theory combined with basin hopping.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23039584     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Identifying the energy minima of molecular clusters is a challenging problem. Traditionally, search algorithms such as simulated annealing, genetic algorithms, or basin hopping are usually used in conjunction with empirical force fields. We have implemented a basin hopping search algorithm combined with density functional theory to enable the optimization of molecular clusters without the need for empirical force fields. This approach can be applied to systems where empirical potentials are not available or may not be sufficiently accurate. We illustrate the effectiveness of the method with studies on water, methanol, and water + methanol clusters as well as protonated water and methanol clusters at the B3LYP+D/6-31+G* level of theory. A new lowest energy structure for H(+)(H(2)O)(7) is predicted at the B3LYP+D/6-31+G* level. In all of the protonated mixed water and methanol clusters, we find that H(+) prefers to combine with methanol rather than water in the lowest-energy structures.
Authors:
Hainam Do; Nicholas A Besley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of chemical physics     Volume:  137     ISSN:  1089-7690     ISO Abbreviation:  J Chem Phys     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375360     Medline TA:  J Chem Phys     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  134106     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Chemistry, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom.
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