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Structural insights into the South African HIV-1 subtype C protease: impact of hinge region dynamics and flap flexibility in drug resistance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23140382     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The HIV protease plays a major role in the life cycle of the virus and has long been a target in antiviral therapy. Resistance of HIV protease to protease inhibitors (PIs) is problematic for the effective treatment of HIV infection. The South African HIV-1 subtype C protease (C-SA PR), which contains eight polymorphisms relative to the consensus HIV-1 subtype B protease, was expressed in Escherichia coli, purified, and crystallized. The crystal structure of the C-SA PR was resolved at 2.7 Å, which is the first crystal structure of a HIV-1 subtype C protease that predominates in Africa. Structural analyses of the C-SA PR in comparison to HIV-1 subtype B proteases indicated that polymorphisms at position 36 of the homodimeric HIV-1 protease may impact on the stability of the hinge region of the protease, and hence the dynamics of the flap region. Molecular dynamics simulations showed that the flap region of the C-SA PR displays a wider range of movements over time as compared to the subtype B proteases. Reduced stability in the hinge region resulting from the absent E35-R57 salt bridge in the C-SA PR, most likely contributes to the increased flexibility of the flaps which may be associated with reduced susceptibility to PIs. An animated interactive 3D complement (I3DC) is available in Proteopedia at http://proteopedia.org/w/Journal:JBSD:36.
Authors:
Previn Naicker; Ikechukwu Achilonu; Sylvia Fanucchi; Manuel Fernandes; Mahmoud A A Ibrahim; Heini W Dirr; Mahmoud E S Soliman; Yasien Sayed
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomolecular structure & dynamics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1538-0254     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biomol. Struct. Dyn.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8404176     Medline TA:  J Biomol Struct Dyn     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
a Protein Structure-Function Research Unit , School of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Witwatersrand , Johannesburg , 2050 , South Africa.
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