Document Detail


Structural and functional brain changes related to different types of physical activity across the life span.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23399048     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Physical activity has been shown to improve cognitive functioning. Research has largely focused on cognitive facilitation by cardiovascular exercise in older adults. Only few studies have investigated younger age groups or other types of physical activity. In this paper we review and summarize common results found in recent studies of metabolic (i.e. cardiovascular and resistance) and coordinative exercise. Findings from human motor learning are utilized to complement results on coordinative exercise. Results show that both types of exercise affect the brain differently. We propose possible mechanisms by which physical activity facilitates cognitive performance by briefly reviewing microscopic structural changes in animal research. Lastly, we highlight open research questions.
Authors:
Claudia Voelcker-Rehage; Claudia Windisch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-7528     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurosci Biobehav Rev     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806090     Medline TA:  Neurosci Biobehav Rev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Affiliation:
Jacobs Center on Lifelong Learning and Institutional Development, Jacobs University Bremen, Campus Ring 1, 28759 Bremen, Germany. Electronic address: voelcker-rehage@jacobs-university.de.
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