Document Detail

Structural evaluation of articular cartilage: potential contribution of magnetic resonance techniques used in clinical practice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11665969     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether routine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques can detect age-related structural modifications of bovine articular cartilage. METHODS: The cartilage of 3-month-old, 3-year-old, and 13-year-old animals was studied. T1- and T2-weighted MR sequences were performed using a 1.5T clinical imager and a 3-inch surface coil. Histologic slices (5 microm) of cartilage specimens were stained with picrosirius red (for collagen) and toluidine blue (for glycosaminoglycans [GAGs]). A polarized light study was performed to determine the collagen network organization. Except for the 13-year-old animal cartilage, the biochemical content was studied on slices cut parallel to the surface to determine GAG and hydroxyproline (collagen) content. Cartilage profiles were performed to determine the MR pixel intensity and the histologic color intensity. RESULTS: On T1-weighted images, the cartilage was homogeneous, with pixel intensity profiles presenting low variations. On T2-weighted images, the cartilage was laminar in the 3-month-old animals and became homogeneous thereafter. The pixel intensity varied through the cartilage depth with a profile that depended on the age of the animal. The collagen and GAG staining showed abrupt transitions in the 3-month-old animal, while in older animals the cartilage became more homogeneous with a mild gradient of matrix constituents with depth. These results were confirmed by findings of a biochemical study. In addition to these matrix content variations, the bovine cartilage presented modifications of its collagen network organization with aging. CONCLUSION: The MR T2-weighted sequences depicted signal variations with age in bovine cartilage concomitant with modifications in its structure. If confirmed in clinics, these observations will reinforce the place of MRI in characterizing cartilage with aging and pathologic processes.
P Olivier; D Loeuille; A Watrin; F Walter; S Etienne; P Netter; P Gillet; A Blum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Arthritis and rheumatism     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0004-3591     ISO Abbreviation:  Arthritis Rheum.     Publication Date:  2001 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-10-22     Completed Date:  2001-12-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370605     Medline TA:  Arthritis Rheum     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2285-95     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Unité Mixte de Recherches 7561 CNRS-UHP Nancy I, France.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / pathology*
Cartilage, Articular / pathology*
Magnetic Resonance Imaging

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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