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Structural characterization of organic intermediates arising from xylenol degradation by laboratory-scale constructed wetlands.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24393564     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A mixture of xylenols (2,6-, 3,4-, 3,5-) was subjected to laboratory-scale constructed wetland treatment using helophytes. Conversion efficiencies under aerobic conditions ranged from 89% to 94%; the corresponding numbers under anaerobic conditions were lower. The studies were focused on the identification of stable organic intermediates. Identification was performed by a combination of GC/MS analysis and pre-chromatographic derivatization of the lyophilizates. In addition to common intermediates including citraconate, succinate and dimethyl benzenediols, an array of α- and β-ketoadipic acid carboxylates could be identified. The ketoadipic acid carboxylates have not been known to be formed in bioremediation of phenols including xylenols so far. Mechanisms for the formation of ketoadipic acid carboxylates are proposed. Chemotaxonomic considerations using diagnostic fatty acids provided mounting evidence that organic matter originating from plants prevailed over bacterial organic matter. Biomarkers indicated a virtual absence of fungi and algae.
Authors:
J Poerschmann; L Schultze-Nobre
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-1-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemosphere     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1298     ISO Abbreviation:  Chemosphere     Publication Date:  2014 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-1-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0320657     Medline TA:  Chemosphere     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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