Document Detail


Structural Transformations and Disordering in Zirconolite (CaZrTi(2)O(7)) at High Pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23339518     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
There is interest in identifying novel materials for use in radioactive waste applications and studying their behavior under high pressure conditions. The mineral zirconolite (CaZrTi(2)O(7)) exists naturally in trace amounts in diamond-bearing deep-seated metamorphic/igneous environments, and it is also identified as a potential ceramic phase for radionuclide sequestration. However, it has been shown to undergo radiation-induced metamictization resulting in amorphous forms. In this study we probed the high pressure structural properties of this pyrochlore-like structure to study its phase transformations and possible amorphization behavior. Combined synchrotron X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy studies reveal a series of high pressure phase transformations. Starting from the ambient pressure monoclinic structure, an intermediate phase with P2(1)/m symmetry is produced above 15.6 GPa via a first order transformation resulting in a wide coexistence range. Upon compression to above 56 GPa a disordered metastable phase III with a cotunnite-related structure appears that is recoverable to ambient conditions. We examine the similarity between the zirconolite behavior and the structural evolution of analogous pyrochlore systems under pressure.
Authors:
Ashkan Salamat; Paul F McMillan; Steven Firth; Katherine Woodhead; Andrew L Hector; Gaston Garbarino; Martin C Stennett; Neil C Hyatt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Inorganic chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-510X     ISO Abbreviation:  Inorg Chem     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0366543     Medline TA:  Inorg Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
European Synchrotron Radiation Facility , BP 220, 38043 Grenoble, Cedex 9, France.
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