Document Detail


Stroke volume increase to exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is limited by increased pulmonary artery pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18474537     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: This study was designed to investigate the mechanisms by which the right ventricle is able to increase stroke volume (SV) during exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A second aim was to determine whether resting pulmonary artery pressure (Ppa) is predictive of exercise SV. METHODS: 16 COPD patients (GOLD stages II-IV) underwent right heart catheterisation at rest and during exercise. In this group and eight age-matched controls resting and exercise right ventricular SV, end-diastolic volume (RVEDV) and end-systolic volume (RVESV) were assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The exercise protocol during both measurements consisted of 3 minutes of cycling in supine position at 40% of maximal workload. RESULTS: In all patients mean Ppa increased significantly in response to exercise (21 (8) vs 33 (11) mm Hg, p<0.01), whereas pulmonary vascular resistance did not change. In the patient group, RVEDV (129 (42) vs 135 (42) ml, p<0.05) and SV (63 (13) vs 69 (14) ml, p<0.05) increased significantly from rest to exercise, but RVESV and RV ejection fraction remained unaltered. In contrast, in healthy controls SV is augmented (81 (22) vs 101 (28) ml, p<0.05) by both increased RVEDV (123 (33) vs 134 134) ml, p<0.05) and reduced RVESV (37 (9) vs 27 (10) ml, p<0.05). Resting mean Ppa was related to SV during exercise (r = -0.59, p<0.02). CONCLUSION: As a consequence of unaltered pulmonary vascular resistance to exercise in COPD patients, Ppa increases and SV response to exercise is limited and results from an increased preload only. Ppa at rest predicts exercise SV.
Authors:
S Holverda; H Rietema; N Westerhof; J T Marcus; C T-J Gan; P E Postmus; A Vonk-Noordegraaf
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-05-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart (British Cardiac Society)     Volume:  95     ISSN:  1468-201X     ISO Abbreviation:  Heart     Publication Date:  2009 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-25     Completed Date:  2009-03-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9602087     Medline TA:  Heart     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  137-41     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Institute for Cardiovascular Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Case-Control Studies
Diastole / physiology
Exercise Test
Exercise Tolerance / physiology*
Female
Heart Catheterization
Humans
Hypertension, Pulmonary / diagnosis,  physiopathology*
Magnetic Resonance Angiography
Male
Middle Aged
Pulmonary Artery / physiopathology*
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / diagnosis,  physiopathology*
Stroke Volume / physiology*
Systole / physiology
Vascular Resistance / physiology
Ventricular Function, Right / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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