Document Detail


Stroke in pregnant and postpartum women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21932965     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ischemic infarcts and hemorrhages are uncommon but dangerous complications of pregnancy. Their etiology is related to physiological changes during pregnancy. The majority of strokes are seen in the third trimester and postpartum and are etiologically related to three conditions: reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome, preeclampsia/eclampsia and cerebral venous thrombosis. The first two conditions are etiologically connected and can lead to ischemic and hemorrhagic events, whereas cerebral sinus thrombosis is mainly related to hypercoagulation and causes venous infarcts and brain hemorrhages. MRI and CT scans are safe to use for diagnosis of stroke in pregnancy, although use of iodine-based contrast may affect thyroid function of the neonate. Management of stroke in pregnancy is specific to cause and depends on management of blood pressure and delivery in preeclampsia/eclampsia, expected management or calcium channel blockers in reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome, and anticoagulation for cerebral sinus thrombosis.
Authors:
Evgeny V Sidorov; Wuwei Feng; Louis R Caplan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Expert review of cardiovascular therapy     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1744-8344     ISO Abbreviation:  Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101182328     Medline TA:  Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1235-47     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centre, Boston, MA, USA. lcaplan@bidmc.harvard.edu.
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