Document Detail

Stretch of human mesothelial cells increases cytokine expression.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23311205     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Peritoneal dialysis requires large solution volumes that increase abdominal girth and stretch the mesothelial cells of the abdominal wall. To address the hypothesis that stretch stimulates those cells to increase synthesis and production of inflammatory cytokines, we grew MeT-5A human mesothelial cells to confluence and placed the cells in growth arrest on BioFlex Collagen membranes (Flexcell International Corporation, Hillsborough, NC, U.S.A.). After 48 hours, cells were either left stationary (STA) or cycled using a 3000T system (Flexcell International Corporation) with a sinusoidal stretch (STR) frequency of 10 cycles per minute and an amplitude of 30%. The supernatant and cells of individual wells were removed at 0, 4, 12, 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours. Supernatant was assayed by ELISA for transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). After trypsinization, the total number of viable cells in each well was estimated from the lack of trypan blue staining. Total RNA from the cells was extracted, and real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction was used to determine messenger RNA (mRNA) for IL-6, TGF-beta, VEGF, TGF-beta receptors 2 and 3 (TGF-beta-R2, -R3), kinase insert domain receptor (KDR), and FMS-related tyrosine kinase 1 (Flt1). Because of decline of cell numbers and viability, results for STR were compared with those for STA at each time interval up to 72 hours. The mRNA for TGF-beta, VEGF, TGF-beta-R3, and KDR were significantly higher in the STR group throughout the 72 hours, and STR IL-6 mRNA declined nonsignificantly. Normalized to the number of viable cells, supernatant IL-6, TGF-beta, and VEGF were not significantly different between the groups. We conclude that mechanical stress from mesothelial stretch does not enhance mesothelial cell secretion oflL-6, TGF-f, or VEGF, but does increase expression ofTGF-P, VEGF, and their corresponding cell receptors TGF-f-R3 and KDR.
Zhi He; Rebecca Potter; Xiarong Li; Michael Flessner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Advances in peritoneal dialysis. Conference on Peritoneal Dialysis     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1197-8554     ISO Abbreviation:  Adv Perit Dial     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9104803     Medline TA:  Adv Perit Dial     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pathology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, USA.
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