Document Detail

Stressful psychosocial work environment increases risk for back pain among retail material handlers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12541273     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Back pain is a major source of lost work time. Occupational physical activity only accounts for a fraction of low back pain; therefore, there is growing interest in investigating other possible causes of back pain including the psychosocial work environment. METHODS: Material handlers (N = 6,311) in 160 newly opened stores were interviewed at study entry and approximately 6 months later. Factor analysis was used to reduce the 37 psychosocial questionnaire items to seven distinct factors. RESULTS: After adjusting for history of back problems and work-related lifting, risk of back pain was moderately increased among employees who reported high job intensity demands (odds ratio (OR) = 1.8), job dissatisfaction (OR = 1.7), and high job scheduling demands (OR = 1.6). CONCLUSIONS: Modification of the psychosocial work environment for material handlers in large retail stores may help reduce back pain among employees.
Janet M Johnston; Douglas P Landsittel; Nancy A Nelson; Lytt I Gardner; James T Wassell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of industrial medicine     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0271-3586     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Ind. Med.     Publication Date:  2003 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-01-23     Completed Date:  2003-05-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8101110     Medline TA:  Am J Ind Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  179-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
Epidemiology Data Center, University of Pittsburgh, GSPH, 127 Parran Hall, 130 DeSoto St., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA. Johnston@edc.gsph.pitt,edu
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MeSH Terms
Back Pain / epidemiology*,  psychology*
Confidence Intervals
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Internal-External Control
Interpersonal Relations
Interviews as Topic
Job Satisfaction
Logistic Models
Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*,  psychology*
Odds Ratio
Peer Group
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Stress, Psychological / epidemiology*
United States / epidemiology
Workplace / psychology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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