Document Detail


Stress reduction through mindfulness meditation. Effects on psychological symptomatology, sense of control, and spiritual experiences.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9097338     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: This study examined the effects of an 8-week stress reduction program based on training in mindfulness meditation. Previous research efforts suggesting this program may be beneficial in terms of reducing stress-related symptomatology and helping patients cope with chronic pain have been limited by a lack of adequate comparison control group. METHODS: Twenty-eight individuals who volunteered to participate in the present study were randomized into either an experimental group or a nonintervention control group. RESULTS: Following participation, experimental subjects, when compared with controls, evidenced significantly greater changes in terms of: (1) reductions in overall psychological symptomatology; (2) increase in overall domain-specific sense of control and utilization of an accepting or yielding mode of control in their lives, and (3) higher scores on a measure of spiritual experiences. CONCLUSIONS: The techniques of mindfulness meditation, with their emphasis on developing detached observation and awareness of the contents of consciousness, may represent a powerful cognitive behavioral coping strategy for transforming the ways in which we respond to life events. They may also have potential for relapse prevention in affective disorders.
Authors:
J A Astin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychotherapy and psychosomatics     Volume:  66     ISSN:  0033-3190     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychother Psychosom     Publication Date:  1997  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-07-17     Completed Date:  1997-07-17     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0024046     Medline TA:  Psychother Psychosom     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  97-106     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Internal-External Control
Intervention Studies
Male
Meditation* / methods,  psychology
Mind-Body Relations (Metaphysics)
Personal Satisfaction
Program Evaluation
Stress, Psychological / physiopathology,  therapy*
Students, Medical / psychology
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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