Document Detail

Stress and the onset of sudden hearing loss and tinnitus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14689617     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Forty hospitalized patients with sudden hearing loss and tinnitus were compared to a control group (N = 28) of inpatients of an ear-nose-throat ward. They were similar in various background variables except for the kind of disorder itself. The main objective of our study was to test the hypothesis of stress as a predisposing risk factor in the development of sudden hearing loss and tinnitus. Thus, differences in life events and daily "hassles" were expected between groups, as were differences in coping styles, habitual worrying, and social support. The hypothesis of more frequent and more stressful life events and daily hassles was supported empirically. The dominant role of daily hassles, especially their stressfulness as a risk factor, was shown clearly. Those in the experimental group also reported more coping endeavors and more worrying. Social support had no discriminating function. The prospective part of the study aimed at the prediction of chronicity of sudden hearing loss and tinnitus (3 months after onset) by sociodemographic, psychological, and disease-associated variables. The strongest predictor of chronicity was the degree of well-being at the time of first assessment (soon after disease onset). Coping and a fatalistic locus of control also had some predictive power. Methodological limitations of the study are discussed.
C Schmitt; M Patak; B Kröner-Herwig
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The international tinnitus journal     Volume:  6     ISSN:  0946-5448     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Tinnitus J     Publication Date:  2000  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-23     Completed Date:  2004-01-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9612993     Medline TA:  Int Tinnitus J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  41-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Activities of Daily Living
Cross-Sectional Studies
Discriminant Analysis
Hearing Loss, Sudden / psychology*
Life Change Events
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Stress, Psychological / complications*,  etiology
Tinnitus / psychology*

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