Document Detail

Stress in nurses: stress-related affect and its determinants examined over the nursing day.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23355114     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Nurses are a stressed group and this may affect their health and work performance. The determinants of occupational stress in nurses and other occupational groups have almost invariably been examined in between subject studies.
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine if the main determinants of occupation stress, i.e. demand, control, effort and reward, operate within nurses.
METHODS: A real time study using personal digital-assistant-based ecological momentary assessment to measure affect and its hypothesised determinants every 90 min in 254 nurses over three nursing shifts. The measures were negative affect, positive affect, demand/effort, control and reward.
RESULTS: While the effects varied in magnitude between people, in general increased negative affect was predicted by high demand/effort, low control and low reward. Control and reward moderated the effects of demand/effort. High positive affect was predicted by high demand/effort, control and reward.
CONCLUSIONS: The same factors are associated with variations in stress-related affect within nurses as between.
Derek W Johnston; Martyn C Jones; Kathryn Charles; Sharon K McCann; Lorna McKee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1532-4796     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Behav Med     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-05-02     Completed Date:  2013-10-21     Revised Date:  2014-03-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510246     Medline TA:  Ann Behav Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  348-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological
Cross-Sectional Studies
Job Satisfaction*
Longitudinal Studies
Middle Aged
Nurses / psychology*
Occupational Diseases / psychology*
Occupational Health
Stress, Psychological / psychology*
Workplace / psychology*
Grant Support
//Department of Health

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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