Document Detail

Stress and depression among older residents in religious monasteries: do friends and God matter?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18630188     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this investigation was to explore how friendship and attach-0 ment to God provide protective benefits against stress and depression. Participants included 235 men and women, age 64 and older, residing in religious monasteries affiliated with the Order of St. Benedict. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were completed to assess main and moderating effects of friendship and attachment to God relative to the influence of stress on depressive symptomology. Lower degree of friendship closeness (beta = -.12, p < .10) and greater insecurity with God (beta = -.15, p < .01) were directly associated with greater depressive symptoms. A significant three-way interaction (Stress x Friendship x Attachment to God) also existed relative to depressive symptoms (beta = .14, p < .05). Three "stress-buffering" mechanisms emerged relative to the influence of stress on depressive symptomology. First, a greater degree of friendship closeness in combination with less secure attachment to God represented a greater risk for depressive symptoms. Second, greater friendship closeness in combination with greater secure attachment to God reduced the risk for depressive symptoms. Third, lower degree of friendship closeness combined with less secure attachment to God diminished the noxious effects of stress on depressive symptoms. This has implications relative to how social and spiritual resources can be used to reduce stress and improve quality of life for older adults residing in religious communities.
Alex J Bishop
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of aging & human development     Volume:  67     ISSN:  0091-4150     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Aging Hum Dev     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-16     Completed Date:  2008-09-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370033     Medline TA:  Int J Aging Hum Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Human Development and Family Sciences Department, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078-6122, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological
Aged, 80 and over
Aging / psychology*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depression / prevention & control,  psychology*
Friends / psychology*
Midwestern United States
Object Attachment
Quality of Life / psychology
Religion and Psychology*
Residence Characteristics
Social Environment*
Social Identification
Stress, Psychological / complications,  prevention & control,  psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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