Document Detail

Stress Doppler echocardiography for identification of susceptibility to high altitude pulmonary edema.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10732898     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: This prospective single-blinded study was performed to quantitate noninvasive pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) responses to prolonged acute hypoxia and normoxic exercise. BACKGROUND: Hypoxia-induced excessive rise in pulmonary artery pressure is a key factor in high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). We hypothesized that subjects susceptible to HAPE (HAPE-S) have increased pulmonary artery pressure response not only to hypoxia but also to exercise. METHODS: PASP was estimated at 45, 90 and 240 min of hypoxia (FiO2 = 12%) and during supine bicycle exercise in normoxia using Doppler-echocardiography in nine HAPE-S and in 11 control subjects. RESULTS: In the control group, mean PASP increased from 26+/-2 to 37+/-4 mm Hg (deltaPASP 10.3+/-2 mm Hg) after 90 min of hypoxia and from 27+/-4 to 36+/-3 mm Hg (deltaPASP 8+/-2 mm Hg) during exercise. In contrast, all HAPE-S subjects revealed significantly greater increases (p = 0.002 vs. controls) in mean PASP both during hypoxia (from 28+/-4 to 57+/-10 mm Hg, deltaPASP 28.7+/-6 mm Hg) and during exercise (from 28+/-4 to 55+/-11 mm Hg, deltaPASP 27+/-8 mm Hg) than did control subjects. Stress echocardiography allowed discrimination between groups without overlap using a cut off PASP value of 45 mm Hg at work rates less than 150 W. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that HAPE-S subjects may have abnormal pulmonary vascular responses not only to hypoxia but also to supine bicycle exercise under normoxic conditions. Thus, Doppler echocardiography during supine bicycle exercise or after 90 min of hypoxia may be useful noninvasive screening methods to identify subjects susceptible to HAPE.
E Grünig; D Mereles; W Hildebrandt; E R Swenson; W Kübler; H Kuecherer; P Bärtsch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2000 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-31     Completed Date:  2000-03-31     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  980-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; S    
Department of Cardiology, University of Heidelberg, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Altitude Sickness / physiopathology,  ultrasonography*
Anoxia / physiopathology,  ultrasonography
Blood Gas Analysis
Echocardiography, Doppler*
Exercise Test*
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Pulmonary Edema / physiopathology,  ultrasonography*
Pulmonary Wedge Pressure / physiology
Risk Factors
Single-Blind Method
Systole / physiology
Ventricular Function, Left / physiology

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