Document Detail


The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: the self-report version in American urban and suburban youth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18557695     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examined the factor structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in urban inner-city and suburban general population samples of American youth. The SDQ was administered to 4,661 predominantly minority urban youth (mean age = 13.0 years, SD = 2.02) and 937 predominantly Caucasian suburban youth (mean age = 14.0 years, SD = 1.56). The authors examined SDQ factor structure using structural equation modeling techniques. The fit for the 5-factor models in both samples was very good (comparative fit index = .96-.97). However, the factor loadings and, correspondingly, the scale reliabilities for most of the SDQ scales (except for Emotional Problems) were low, which suggests poor specificity of the items. Subsequent exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses suggested that a 3-factor structure had a comparable model fit and better internal consistency of the scales. The study concluded that, although the SDQ scales do conform reasonably well to a 5-factor model, the scales are unsatisfactory in other respects and that, in its present form, the instrument has inadequate psychometric characteristics. Future research is needed for further scale development.
Authors:
Vladislav Ruchkin; Stephanie Jones; Robert Vermeiren; Mary Schwab-Stone
Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological assessment     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1040-3590     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Assess     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-18     Completed Date:  2008-08-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8915253     Medline TA:  Psychol Assess     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  175-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Yale Child Study Center, New Haven, CT 06520-7900, USA. vladislav.ruchkin@yale.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior / psychology
Adolescent Psychology / methods,  statistics & numerical data
European Continental Ancestry Group / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders / diagnosis*,  psychology*
Minority Groups / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Peer Group
Psychometrics
Questionnaires*
Reproducibility of Results
Self Assessment (Psychology)*
Self Disclosure
Stress, Psychological / diagnosis,  psychology
Suburban Population / statistics & numerical data*
United States
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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