Document Detail

Strengthening physical self-perceptions through exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1293426     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Two studies examined the effects of physical activity/exercise on physical self-perceptions, self-efficacy, body satisfaction, fitness and relationships among these variables. In study 1, 34 female undergraduates participated in a 10-week exercise/activity program. Participants were selected from existing classes forming a weight training, aerobic exercise and activity control group. Results revealed changes in physical self-perceptions, strength, and body composition over the 10-weeks. Improvements in physical self-perceptions and fitness occurred independent of exercise/activity group. Groups differed in the perceived importance attached to physical self-perceptions. Correlations among the measures revealed relationships among physical self-perceptions, body satisfaction, global self-esteem, and fitness. In study 2, we hypothesized that weight training would have a greater effect on physical self-perceptions and body image perceptions than physical education activity classes. Thirty-seven males and 28 females were selected from existing classes forming a weight training and activity group. Results revealed no significant changes in physical self-perceptions, body image, or global self-esteem over the 10-week program, while strength and physical self-efficacy improved. Correlations among measures from both studies offer preliminary support for Sonstroem and Morgan's model for the examination of self-esteem in exercise settings.
C M Caruso; D L Gill
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0022-4707     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Med Phys Fitness     Publication Date:  1992 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-04-02     Completed Date:  1993-04-02     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376337     Medline TA:  J Sports Med Phys Fitness     Country:  ITALY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  416-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina, Greensboro.
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MeSH Terms
Body Constitution
Exercise / psychology*
Physical Exertion
Physical Fitness / psychology*
Self Concept*
Weight Lifting / psychology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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