Document Detail

Strengthening encoding via implementation intention formation increases prospective memory commission errors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23355044     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Prospective memory refers to the ability to remember to execute future intentions (e.g., taking medication with dinner). Although most prior research on prospective memory errors has focused on omission errors (i.e., failures to perform an intention in response to a target cue), there has been a recent surge in research on commission errors, the erroneous performance of a finished intention. Existing studies have examined factors at retrieval that lead to commission errors; the present study extends this research by investigating the impact of encoding strength. We found that relative to standard encoding, implementation intention encoding doubled the risk of commission errors in our laboratory paradigm for both young and older adults. This novel finding demonstrates the impact of encoding strength on commission errors and documents the potential challenges of deactivating the effects of implementation intentions upon completion of a prospective memory task.
Julie M Bugg; Michael K Scullin; Mark A McDaniel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychonomic bulletin & review     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1531-5320     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychon Bull Rev     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-05-30     Completed Date:  2014-01-30     Revised Date:  2014-06-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502924     Medline TA:  Psychon Bull Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  522-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Aging / physiology*
Memory / physiology*
Memory, Episodic*
Middle Aged
Young Adult
Grant Support
5T32AG00030/AG/NIA NIH HHS; F32 AG041543/AG/NIA NIH HHS; F32AG041543/AG/NIA NIH HHS; T32 AG000030/AG/NIA NIH HHS

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