Document Detail


Strength and agility training in adolescents with Down syndrome: A randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22820064     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a proposed strength and agility training program of adolescents with Down syndrome. Ninety-two adolescents were recruited and evenly randomized to two intervention groups (exercise group vs. control group). The mean age for the exercise and the control group was 10.6±3.2 and 11.2±3.5 respectively. The exercise training program consisted of a 5-min treadmill exercise and one 20-min virtual-reality based activity administered three times a week for 6 weeks. Pre- and post-test measures were taken for muscle strength and agility performance. The measured muscle included hip extensor, hip flexor, knee extensor, knee flexors, hip abductors, and ankle plantarflexor. A handheld dynamometer was used to measure the lower extremities muscle strength, and agility performance was assessed by the strength and agility subtests of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Second Edition. The exercise group had significant improvements in agility (p=0.02, d=0.80) and muscle strength of all muscle group (all p's<0.05, d=0.51-0.89) assessed in comparison to the control group after the 6-week intervention. Knee muscle groups including both flexors and extensors had the greatest gains among all the muscles measured. A short-term exercise training program used in this study is capable of improving muscle strength and agility performance of adolescents with DS.
Authors:
Hsiu-Ching Lin; Yee-Pay Wuang
Related Documents :
20395544 - High-dose antioxidant vitamin c supplementation does not prevent acute exercise-induced...
22502844 - Kata techniques training consistently decreases stereotypy in children with autism spec...
22469534 - Pleasant physical exercise program for prevention of cognitive decline in community-dwe...
17459004 - Is the anti-inflammatory effect of regular exercise responsible for reduced cardiovascu...
18198664 - Exercise-recruited nk cells display exercise-associated ehsp-70.
11549344 - Phenotypic deficits in mice expressing a myosin binding protein c lacking the titin and...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research in developmental disabilities     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1873-3379     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709782     Medline TA:  Res Dev Disabil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  2236-2244     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Physical & Rehabilitation Medicine, Pingtung Christian Hospital, Pingtung, Taiwan.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  What do we know about the atypical development of exploratory actions during infancy?
Next Document:  The toolbox of vesicle sidedness determination.