Document Detail

Streaming potentials maps are spatially resolved indicators of amplitude, frequency and ionic strength dependant responses of articular cartilage to load.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11784539     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Streaming potential distributions were measured on the surface of articular cartilage in uniaxial unconfined compression using a linear array of microelectrodes. Potential profiles were obtained for sinusoidal and ramp/stress-relaxation displacements and exhibited dependencies on radial position, sinusoidal amplitude and frequency, time during stress relaxation, and on ionic strength. The measurements agreed with trends predicted by biphasic and related models. In particular, the absolute potential amplitude was maximal at the disk center, as was the predicted fluid pressure and the potential gradient (the electric field) was seen to be maximal at the disk periphery, as was the predicted fluid velocity. We also observed a similarity between non-linear behavior of streaming potential amplitude and load amplitude with respect to sinusoidal displacement amplitude. Taken together, these results support many of the phenomena concerning relative fluid-solid movement and fluid pressurization predicted by biphasic and related models, and they indicate the general utility of spatially resolved measurements of streaming potentials for the investigation of electromechanical phenomena in tissues. For example, these streaming potential maps could be used to non-destructively diagnose cartilage extracellular matrix composition and function, as well as to quantify spatially and temporally varying physical signals in cartilage that can induce cellular and extracellular biological responses to load.
M Garon; A Légaré; R Guardo; P Savard; M D Buschmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomechanics     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0021-9290     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomech     Publication Date:  2002 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-01-10     Completed Date:  2002-04-09     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0157375     Medline TA:  J Biomech     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  207-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique of Montreal, P.O. Box 6079 Station Centre-ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3C 3A7.
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MeSH Terms
Cartilage, Articular / physiology*
Nonlinear Dynamics
Stress, Mechanical
Weight-Bearing / physiology
Reg. No./Substance:

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