Document Detail


Stratification for noninvasive coronary angiography: patient preselection considering atypical angina pectoris, conventional cardiovascular risk assessment, and calcium scoring.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19305353     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive coronary angiography (NCA) is recommended to be applied as a filter before invasive coronary angiography in patients with intermediate cardiovascular risk. DESIGN: In this prospective single-center study, we validated multislice computed tomography (MSCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based NCA by primarily selecting patients with atypical angina pectoris (AAP). METHODS: In 68 patients (63.6+/-11.4 years) with AAP, the Prospective Cardiovascular Muenster Study score and the Agatston score equivalent (ASE; calcium score) were initially determined for cardiovascular risk assessment. Subsequently, MSCT and MRI-based NCA were performed followed by quantitative invasive coronary angiography for validation. All tests were finally analyzed. RESULTS: CAD (prevalence 38.2%) was diagnosed in 67.7% of patients at high, 61.5% at intermediate, and 37.8% at low cardiovascular risk according to the Prospective Cardiovascular Muenster Study. CAD was diagnosed in 88.2% of patients with an ASE >or=75th percentile and in 90.9% with an ASE >or=90th percentile. With regard to NCA, patient-based analysis resulted in a sensitivity of 96.2% for MSCT versus 69.2% for MRI, in a specificity of 95.2 versus 64.3%, in a positive predictive value of 97.6 versus 77.1%, in a negative predictive value of 92.6 versus 54.5%, and a diagnostic accuracy of 95.6 versus 66.2% (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: In a patient group with a heterogeneous cardiovascular risk, primarily considering AAP allows for effective patient preselection for NCA. This may be optimized by precluding patients with an ASE >or=75th percentile. MSCT rather than MRI may then effectively be involved.
Authors:
Christoph Langer; Marcus Wiemer; Andreas Peterschröder; Krista Franzke; Klaus-Peter Mellwig; Frank van Buuren; Wilhelm Koester-Eiserfunke; Thomas Butz; Juergen Diekmann; Dieter Horstkotte
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation : official journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1741-8275     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-16     Completed Date:  2009-06-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101192000     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  201-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Heart and Diabetes Centre North Rhine-Westphalia, Bad Oeynhausen, Germany. clanger@hdz-nrw.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Angina Pectoris / etiology*,  pathology
Calcinosis / complications,  diagnosis*
Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*,  pathology
Coronary Angiography / methods*
Coronary Artery Disease / complications,  diagnosis*
Female
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Angiography*
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Selection*
Predictive Value of Tests
Prospective Studies
Reproducibility of Results
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
Tomography, X-Ray Computed*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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