Document Detail

Strategies to improve feeding tolerance in preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22958017     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Postnatal growth restriction and failure to thrive is a major issue in preterm, especially extremely low-birth-weight infants. Optimization of enteral nutrition, without increasing the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), has thus become a priority for the neonatologist, who often has to face the challenge of interpreting the clinical and prognostic significance of common and aspecific signs of feeding intolerance (FI). The neonatologist often prescribes enteral nutrition as if walking on a tightrope between the purposed attainment of full enteral feeding and the fear of NEC. Despite advances in neonatal intensive care, NEC still remains one of the leading causes of mortality (15-30%) and morbidity in very-low-birth-weight infants. However, the relationship between FI and NEC remains unknown. Feeding intolerance often leads to discontinuation of enteral feeds, delayed attainment of full enteral feeding and prolongation of hospitalization. Strategies aimed at preventing and/or treating episodes of feeding intolerance are diverse and not always supported by scientific evidence.
Silvia Fanaro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  25 Suppl 4     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  46-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Paediatric Section, University of Ferrara , Italy.
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