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Strategies of a Bornean tropical rainforest water use as a function of rainfall regime: isohydric or anisohydric?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21933196     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although Bornean tropical rainforests are among the moistest biomes in the world, they sporadically experience periods of water stress. The observations indicate that these ecosystems tend to have little regulation of water use, despite episodes of relatively severe drought. This water-use behavior is often referred to as anisohydric behavior, as opposed to isohydric plants that regulate stomatal movement to prevent hydraulic failure. Although it is generally thought that anisohydric behavior is an adaptation to more drought-prone habitats, we show that anisohydric plants may also be more favored than isohydric plants under very moist environments where there is little risk of hydraulic failure. To explore this subject, we examined the advantages of isohydric and anisohydric species as a function of the hydroclimatic environment using a stochastic model of soil moisture and carbon assimilation dynamics parameterized by field observations. The results showed that under very moist conditions, anisohydric species tend to have higher productivity than isohydric plants, despite the fact that the two plant types show almost the same drought-induced mortality. As precipitation decreases, the mortality of anisohydric plants drastically increases while that of isohydric plants remains relatively constant and low; in these conditions, isohydric plants surpass anisohydric plants in their productivity.
Authors:
Tomo'omi Kumagai; Amilcare Porporato
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant, cell & environment     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-3040     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9309004     Medline TA:  Plant Cell Environ     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan and Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA.
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