Document Detail


Stop-consonant voicing and intraoral pressure contours in women and children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18247909     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Previous authors have established that stop consonant voicing is more limited in young children than adults, and have ascribed this to immature vocal-tract pressure management. Physical development relevant to speech aerodynamics continues into adolescence, suggesting that consonant voicing development may also persist into the school-age years. This study explored the relationship between stop consonant voicing and intraoral pressure contours in women, 5 year olds, and 10 year olds. Productions of intervocalic /p b/ were recorded from eight speakers at each age. Measures were made of stop consonant voicing and delta, a measure designed to characterize the time course of intraoral pressure increase in stops, following Muller and Brown [Speech and Language: Advances in Basic Research and Practice, edited by N. Lass (Academic, Madison, 1980), Vol. 4, pp. 318-389]. Age effects for stop consonant voicing and delta were not statistically significant, but correlations between delta and stop voicing were less often significant and sometimes reversed in the children, providing some evidence of immature aerodynamic control. The current data, as well as those of Muller and Brown, also show that the delta measure may yield some paradoxical values, indicating that more work is needed on methods of assessing time-varying characteristics of intraoral pressure.
Authors:
Laura L Koenig; Jorge C Lucero
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  123     ISSN:  1520-8524     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  2008 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-05     Completed Date:  2008-03-25     Revised Date:  2013-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1077-88     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, Connecticut 06511 and Long Island University, Brooklyn, New York 11201, USA. koenig@haskins.yale.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Age Factors
Air
Airway Resistance
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Language Development*
Larynx / anatomy & histology,  growth & development
Manometry
Middle Aged
Mouth / anatomy & histology*,  growth & development
Pharynx / anatomy & histology,  growth & development
Phonation / physiology*
Phonetics*
Pressure*
Rheology
Sex Characteristics*
Sex Factors
Vibration
Vocal Cords / anatomy & histology,  growth & development,  physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DC-04473-03/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; R03 DC004473-01A1/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; R03 DC004473-02/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; R03 DC004473-03/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS
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