Document Detail

Stones in anomalous kidneys: results of treatment by shock wave lithotripsy in 150 patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15479286     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) in anomalous kidneys.
METHODS: From October 1990 to October 2002, 150 patients (93 men and 57 women) with anomalous urinary tracts, including 45 horseshoe kidneys, 57 duplex kidneys, 30 malrotated kidneys, 14 pelvic and four crossed ectopic kidneys were treated with SWL for urolithiasis at the Gazi University Faculty of Medicine. Shock wave lithotripsy was performed with Siemens Lithostar plus (Siemans, Erlanger, Germany) device and all procedures were carried under fluoroscopic control.
RESULTS: The mean shock wave number and intensity received by the patients was 3770 (range, 1380-4100) shocks and 18.4 (range, 16.1-19) kV per session, respectively. The minimum success rate was obtained in patients with lower calyceal (50%) followed by middle calyceal (60%) calculi. The stone-free rate decreased and the number of sessions per patient increased with increasing stone diameter (dm). In patients with a stone dm > 30 mm, only 34% could be stone-free, compared to a rate of 92% for calculi dm < 10 mm. The overall stone free rate at the third month was 68%. The best stone-free rates were obtained in patients with ureteral duplication (80.7%). The stone-free rates in horseshoe, malrotated, pelvic and crossed ectopic kidneys were found to be 66.7%, 56.7%, 57.2% and 25%, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Shock wave lithotripsy might be an effective and minimally invasive treatment alternative in stone-bearing anomalous kidneys. The type of anomaly, stone burden and localization seem to be the main parameters effecting the treatment success.
Lutfi Tunc; Husnu Tokgoz; Mustafa Ozgur Tan; Bora Kupeli; Ustunol Karaoglan; Ibrahim Bozkirli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0919-8172     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Urol.     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-13     Completed Date:  2005-03-08     Revised Date:  2014-07-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9440237     Medline TA:  Int J Urol     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  831-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Kidney / abnormalities*
Kidney Calculi / etiology*,  therapy*
Middle Aged

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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