Document Detail

'Stockholm syndrome': psychiatric diagnosis or urban myth?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18028254     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: 'Stockholm syndrome' is a term used to describe the positive bond some kidnap victims develop with their captor. High-profile cases are reported by the media although the diagnosis is not described in any international classification system. Here we review the evidence base on 'Stockholm syndrome'. METHOD: Databases (PubMED, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL) were systematically searched. We compared features of cases widely reported in the English language media to identify common themes which may form a recognizable syndrome. RESULTS: We identified 12 papers that met inclusion criteria. The existing literature consists mostly of case reports; furthermore there is ambiguity in the use of the term. No validated diagnostic criteria have been described. Four common features were found between the five cases studied. CONCLUSION: There is little published academic research on 'Stockholm syndrome' although study of media reports reveals similarities between well publicized cases. This may be due to reporting and publication bias.
M Namnyak; N Tufton; R Szekely; M Toal; S Worboys; E L Sampson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2007-11-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica     Volume:  117     ISSN:  1600-0447     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Psychiatr Scand     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-04     Completed Date:  2008-02-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370364     Medline TA:  Acta Psychiatr Scand     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Hampstead Campus, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Crime Victims / psychology*
Mass Media
Mental Disorders / diagnosis*,  psychology*
Object Attachment*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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