Document Detail


Stimulus level effects on speech-evoked obligatory cortical auditory evoked potentials in infants with normal hearing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23117114     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine stimulus level effects on speech-evoked cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) in infants for a low (/m/) and high (/t/) frequency speech sound. METHODS: CAEPs were recorded for two natural speech tokens, /m/ and /t/. Participants were 16 infants aged 3-8months with no risk factors for hearing impairment, no parental concern regarding hearing or development, and normal tympanograms and otoacoustic emissions. Infants were either tested at levels of 30, 50, and 70dB SPL or at 40, 60, and 80dB SPL, in counterbalanced order. RESULTS: Input-output functions show different effects of increasing sound level between stimuli. There were minimal changes in latency with increase in level for /t/. For /m/, there were approximately 50-60ms latency increases at soft compared to loud levels. Amplitudes saturated at moderate-high levels (60-80dB SPL) for both stimuli. CONCLUSIONS: Infants' CAEP input-output functions differ for /t/ versus /m/ and differ from those previously reported for adults for other stimuli. Effects of stimulus and level on CAEPs should be considered when using CAEPs for hearing aid or cochlear implant evaluation in infants. SIGNIFICANCE: Speech-evoked CAEPs provide an objective measure of central auditory processing. Possible differences in CAEP growth between infants and adults suggest developmental effects on intensity coding by the auditory cortex.
Authors:
S C Purdy; M Sharma; K J Munro; C L A Morgan
Related Documents :
23415614 - Outcomes of small for gestational age infants born at <27 weeks' gestation.
7745024 - Effects of stimulatory and inhibitory thyrotropin receptor antibodies on lipolysis in i...
9575454 - Neonatal screening for congenital hypothyroidism in estonia.
2409904 - Adrenal insufficiency possibly due to lipoid adrenal hyperplasia: a case report.
18249234 - Neurophysiologic evaluation of brain function in extremely premature newborn infants.
14663454 - Use of nicotine patches in breast-feeding mothers: transfer of nicotine and cotinine in...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-8952     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Neurophysiol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883319     Medline TA:  Clin Neurophysiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Affiliation:
The University of Auckland, New Zealand; Macquarie University, Hearing CRC, Australia; National Acoustic Laboratories, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address: sc.purdy@auckland.ac.edu.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Analysis of radioclinical semeiology of hydatid cyst of the lung.
Next Document:  Depression and recovery of reflex amplitude during electrical stimulation after spinal cord injury.