Document Detail

Stimulus comparison and stimulus association processes in the perceptual learning effect.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24897559     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
In four experiments rats were given preexposure to two flavoured fluids, presented simultaneously in separate bottles. A conditioned aversion was then established to one flavour and the generalization of this aversion to the other was tested. Experiments 1a and 1b demonstrated that, in contrast to the effect obtained when the two flavours are presented at separate times during preexposure, such preexposure enhances generalization. Experiments 2a and 2b examined the hypothesis that this enhanced generalization was a consequence of the formation of an excitatory association between the two flavours during preexposure. In these experiments, the preexposure phase was followed by a phase of training (in which each flavour was presented alone on separate occasions) designed to extinguish the postulated association. It was found, however, that the enhancement of generalization survived the introduction of this procedure. Implications for the perceptual learning effect (the observation that certain forms of preexposure can restrict generalization between preexposed stimuli) are discussed.
G Alonso; G Hall
Related Documents :
16812119 - Conditioning of two-response patterns of key pecking in pigeons.
19146819 - Reinforcement learning signal predicts social conformity.
25083609 - Distance and slope constraints: adaptation and variability in golf putting.
21246049 - The emergence of miller's magic number on a sparse distributed memory.
23691939 - Effects of ventral striatal lesions on first- and second-order appetitive conditioning.
23947489 - The processing of knowledge of results information for a serial-motor task.
24704579 - Assessing memory in zebrafish using the one-trial test.
8085439 - Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with dementia.
20658819 - Adequately predicting emotional eating with self-reports: not as easy as pie.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioural processes     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0376-6357     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav. Processes     Publication Date:  1999 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-06-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703854     Medline TA:  Behav Processes     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-23     Citation Subset:  -    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Processing of above/below categorical spatial relations by baboons (Papiopapio).
Next Document:  A new version of the Monty Hall Dilemma with unequal probabilities.