Document Detail

Stillbirth: a review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15512717     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Stillbirth occurs in nearly 1% of all births in the USA, and is one of the most common but least studied adverse pregnancy outcomes. The many risk factors for and causes of stillbirth are presented. Over the past several decades, the rate of stillbirth has been substantially reduced, with the reduction most apparent in those stillbirths previously occurring at term and/or in labor. Reductions have occurred because of reductions in risk factors (i.e. prevention of Rh disease and better control of diabetes), better antepartum monitoring of those with risk factors followed by early delivery for those fetuses found to be at risk (i.e. growth restriction, maternal pre-eclampsia), better intrapartum fetal monitoring, increases in Cesarean section for those at risk, and early detection of congenital anomalies followed by termination prior to the time that these early fetal deaths are classified as stillbirths. Finally, the value of using fetal autopsy and placental examination to determine the cause of death accurately, both for research purposes and for patient counseling in future pregnancies, is explored.
R L Goldenberg; R Kirby; J F Culhane
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1476-7058     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2004 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-29     Completed Date:  2005-03-03     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  79-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35233-1602, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Pregnancy Outcome*
Prenatal Care
Risk Factors
United States / epidemiology

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