Document Detail

Stillbirth rates in singletons, twins and triplets in Sweden, 1869 to 2001.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16611496     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The temporal variation in the stillbirth rates (SBR), measured as the number of stillborn per 1000 total births, among singletons, twins and triplets was studied on Swedish birth data for the period 1869 to 2001 and comparisons with data from other populations were made. Among both single and multiple births there were marked, almost monotonously decreasing trends in the stillbirth rates. Among singletons the stillbirth rate decreased from 29.5 per 1000 in the period 1869 to 1878 to 3.4 in the period 1991 to 2001. Among twins the stillbirth rate decreased from 94 per 1000 in 1869 to 1878 to a minimum of 8.2 in 1991 to 2001 and among triplets from 166 per 1000 to a minimum of 19.8. The relative declining pattern in the SBRs was almost the same, being 88% among singletons, 91% among twins and 88% among triplets. In the 1980s and 1990s the definition of the stillbirth rate was changed in many countries, including Finland, but no changes in the definition of stillbirths have been made in Sweden. The effect of the artificial reproduction techniques, including in vitro fertilization, on the rates of multiple maternities is also discussed. It was noted especially that they had a more marked effect on the triplet than on the twinning rate.
Johan Fellman; Aldur W Eriksson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Twin research and human genetics : the official journal of the International Society for Twin Studies     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1832-4274     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-13     Completed Date:  2006-08-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101244624     Medline TA:  Twin Res Hum Genet     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  260-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Folkhälsan Institute of Genetics, Population Genetics Unit, Helsinki, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Fertilization in Vitro / history,  statistics & numerical data
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Multiple Birth Offspring* / history,  statistics & numerical data
Stillbirth / epidemiology*

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