Document Detail

Stillbirth (co)variance components for a sire-maternal grandsire threshold model and development of a calving ability index for sire selection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17430953     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
(Co)variance components for stillbirth in US Holsteins were estimated under a sire-maternal grandsire threshold model using subsets of data from the national calving ease database, which includes over 6 million calving records with associated stillbirth scores. Stillbirth was coded as a binomial trait indicating whether the calf was alive 48 h postpartum. Records were selected for calves whose sire and maternal grandsire (MGS) were among the 2,600 most frequently appearing bulls (2,578 sires and 2,586 MGS). Herd-years were required to contain at least 20 records and only single births were used. After editing, the data set included 2,083,979 calving records from 5,765 herds and 33,304 herd-years. Six sample datasets of approximately 250,000 records each were created by randomly selecting herd codes. Quasi-REML and Bayesian approaches were used to estimate (co)variance components from each sample. The model included fixed year-season, parity-sex, birth year group of sire, and birth year group of MGS effects and random herd-year, sire, MGS, and residual effects. Quasi-REML and Bayesian analyses produced similar results, although the Bayesian estimates were slightly larger. Marginal posterior means (and standard deviations) from the Bayesian analysis averaged 0.0085 (0.0015), 0.0181 (0.0020), 0.0872 (0.0538), and 0.00410 (0.0001) for sire, MGS, and herd-year variances and the sire-MGS covariance, respectively. Mean direct and maternal heritabilities were 0.030 (0.003) and 0.058 (0.005), respectively, and the mean genetic correlation between the 2 effects was -0.02 (0.16). A calving ability index combining stillbirth (SB) and calving ease (CE) was developed for inclusion in the Lifetime Net Merit index. The index was calculated as -4(sire CE)-3(daughter CE)-4(sire SB) -8(daughter SB).
J B Cole; G R Wiggans; P M VanRaden; R H Miller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-13     Completed Date:  2008-09-22     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2489-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Animal Improvement Programs Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, Beltsville, MD 20705-2350, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Bayes Theorem
Cattle / genetics*
Heredity / genetics
Models, Genetic*
Parturition / genetics
Selection, Genetic*
Stillbirth / genetics,  veterinary*

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