Document Detail


Stigma and disability in schizophrenia: Developing countries' perspective.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23057979     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Background: Stigma and disability are two important consequences of schizophrenia that individuals afflicted with it experience. Sociocultural milieu can influence these. We review the literature on stigma and disability experienced by individuals with schizophrenia in the developing countries. Method: We searched English-language literature from developing countries on stigma and disability in schizophrenia using PubMed and Scopus databases. As individual studies adopted widely varying methodologies, the retrieved papers did not yield themselves for a systematic review. We present a narrative review. Results: Much of the literature on stigma and disability in schizophrenia has come from India and only a few other developing countries. Stigma associated with schizophrenia is highly prevalent across regions and across patients themselves, families, communities and professionals. Research is scanty with regard to determinants of stigma and interventions against stigma. A number of tools have been developed for assessment of disability. Preliminary evidence suggests that initiation and continuation of antipsychotic medications is associated with lesser disability. Psychosocial interventions may reduce disability further. Conclusions: Comprehensive, prospective studies evaluating the determinants of stigma and disability need to be conducted in the developing countries. Models of interventions to minimize these adverse consequences, developed based on their results, need to be tested.
Authors:
Jagadisha Thirthalli; Chennaveerachari Naveen Kumar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International review of psychiatry (Abingdon, England)     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1369-1627     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Rev Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8918131     Medline TA:  Int Rev Psychiatry     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  423-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences , Bangalore , India.
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