Document Detail


Steviol Glycosides from Stevia: Biosynthesis Pathway Review and their Application in Foods and Medicine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22823347     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Stevia rebaudiana, a perennial herb from the Asteraceae family, is known to the scientific world for its sweetness and steviol glycosides (SGs). SGs are the secondary metabolites responsible for the sweetness of Stevia. They are synthesized by SG biosynthesis pathway operating in the leaves. Most of the genes encoding the enzymes of this pathway have been cloned and characterized from Stevia. Out of various SGs, stevioside and rebaudioside A are the major metabolites. SGs including stevioside have also been synthesized by enzymes and microbial agents. These are non-mutagenic, non-toxic, antimicrobial, and do not show any remarkable side-effects upon consumption. Stevioside has many medical applications and its role against diabetes is most important. SGs have made Stevia an important part of the medicinal world as well as the food and beverage industry. This article presents an overview on Stevia and the importance of SGs.
Authors:
Sudesh Kumar Yadav; Praveen Guleria
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical reviews in food science and nutrition     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1549-7852     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8914818     Medline TA:  Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  988-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
a CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology , Palampur , 176061 , HP , India.
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