Document Detail

Sternocleidomastoid pseudotumor and congenital muscular torticollis in infants: a prospective study of 510 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10356139     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Congenital muscular torticollis is a common and controversial condition in infancy. We studied prospectively a group of infants with clearly defined sternomastoid tumor treated with a well-defined protocol. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 510 cases of sternomastoid tumor in infants over a 10-year period were studied prospectively with a mean follow-up of 3.5 years and a range from 1. 5 years to 13 years. The clinical presentations, associated abnormalities, treatments, and outcomes of the overall group and subgroups were evaluated to determine the most important prognostic factors. RESULTS: The mean age of presentation was day 24, with most (92.7%) presenting before the age of 3 months. There was a high correlation with breech presentation and assisted delivery. Clinical subgroups according to the deficit in passive rotation of the neck correlated with the incidence of hip dysplasia (up to 11.6%), mode of delivery, time of presentation, degree of craniofacial asymmetry, head tilt, and the size and extent of the pseudotumor (P <.05). With an early and prolonged manual stretching program, 90.7% had excellent and good overall results. The 6.7% of patients in the poor outcome group requiring surgical treatment all belonged to the more severe rotation limitation groups. CONCLUSIONS: Subgrouping patients with sternomastoid tumor according to the passive limitation of rotation of the neck has prognostic significance, with good overall results of conservative treatment with manual stretching.
J C Cheng; S P Tang; T M Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  134     ISSN:  0022-3476     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-06-29     Completed Date:  1999-06-29     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  712-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong.
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MeSH Terms
Diagnosis, Differential
Follow-Up Studies
Infant, Newborn
Muscle Neoplasms / physiopathology
Neck Muscles / physiopathology*
Physical Therapy Modalities
Risk Factors
Torticollis / congenital*,  physiopathology,  therapy

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