Document Detail


Stereotactic radiosurgery for the treatment of lung neoplasm: experience in 100 consecutive patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19853118     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection is the standard of care for patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer or selected patients with pulmonary metastases. Stereotactic radiosurgery may offer an alternative option for high-risk patients who are not surgical candidates. We report our initial experience with stereotactic radiosurgery in the treatment of lung neoplasm in 100 consecutive patients. METHODS: Patients who were medically inoperable were offered stereotactic radiosurgery. Thoracic surgeons evaluated all patients, placed fiducials, and performed treatment planning in collaboration with radiation oncologists. Initially, a median dose of 20 Gy prescribed to the 80% isodose line was administered in a single fraction, and this was subsequently increased to a total of 60 Gy in three fractions. The primary end point evaluated was overall survival. RESULTS: We treated 100 patients (median age, 70 years; 51 men, 49 women) with stereotactic radiosurgery: 46 (46%) with primary lung neoplasm, 35 (35%) with recurrent cancer, and 19 (19%) with pulmonary metastases. The median follow-up was 20 months. The median overall survival was 24 months. Local recurrence occurred in 25 patients. The probability of 2-year overall survival was 50% for the entire group, 44% for primary lung cancer, 41% for recurrent cancer, and 84% for metastatic cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Our initial experience indicates that stereotactic radiosurgery has reasonable results in these high-risk patients. Resection continues to remain the standard treatment; however, stereotactic radiosurgery may offer an alternative in high-risk patients. Further prospective studies with different dose schema are needed to evaluate the efficacy of stereotactic radiosurgery.
Authors:
Arjun Pennathur; James D Luketich; Dwight E Heron; Matthew J Schuchert; Steven Burton; Ghulam Abbas; William E Gooding; Peter F Ferson; Cihat Ozhasoglu; Sebastien Gilbert; Rodney J Landreneau; Neil A Christie
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  88     ISSN:  1552-6259     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-26     Completed Date:  2009-11-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1594-600; discussion 1600     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Heart, Lung, and Esophageal Surgery Institute, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Humans
Lung Neoplasms / surgery*
Male
Middle Aged
Radiosurgery*
Retrospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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