Document Detail

Stereoscopic Digital Mammography: Improved Specificity and Reduced Rate of Recall in a Prospective Clinical Trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23150865     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Purpose:To compare stereoscopic digital mammography (DM) with standard DM for the rate of patient recall and the detection of cancer in a screening population at elevated risk for breast cancer.Materials and Methods:Starting in September 2004 and ending in December 2007, this prospective HIPAA-compliant, institutional review board-approved screening trial, with written informed consent, recruited female patients at elevated risk for breast cancer (eg, personal history of breast cancer or breast cancer in a close relative). A total of 1298 examinations from 779 patients (mean age, 58.6 years; range, 32-91 years) comprised the analyzable data set. A paired study design was used, with each enrolled patient serving as her own control. Patients underwent both DM and stereoscopic DM examinations in a single visit, findings of which were interpreted independently by two experienced radiologists, each using a Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) assessment (BI-RADS category 0, 1, or 2). All patients determined to have one or more findings with either or both modalities were recalled for standard diagnostic evaluation. The results of 1-year follow-up or biopsy were used to determine case truth.Results:Compared with DM, stereoscopic DM showed significantly higher specificity (91.2% [1167 of 1279] vs 87.8% [1123 of 1279]; P = .0024) and accuracy (90.9% [1180 of 1298] vs 87.4% [1135 of 1298]; P = .0023) for detection of cancer. Sensitivity for detection of cancer was not significantly different for stereoscopic DM (68.4% [13 of 19]) compared with DM (63.2% [12 of 19], P .99). The recall rate for stereoscopic DM was 9.6% (125 of 1298) and that for DM was 12.9% (168 of 1298) (P = .0018).Conclusion:Compared with DM, stereoscopic DM significantly improved specificity for detection of cancer, while maintaining comparable sensitivity. The recall rate was significantly reduced with stereoscopic DM compared with DM.© RSNA, 2012Supplemental material:
Carl J D'Orsi; David J Getty; Ronald M Pickett; Ioannis Sechopoulos; Mary S Newell; Kathleen R Gundry; Sandra R Bates; Robert M Nishikawa; Edward A Sickles; Andrew Karellas; Ellen M D'Orsi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Radiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1527-1315     ISO Abbreviation:  Radiology     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401260     Medline TA:  Radiology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1701 Upper Gate Dr NE, Suite C1104, Atlanta, GA 30322; Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga; Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Mass; University of Massachusetts at Lowell, Lowell, Mass; Breast Imaging Services, Central Baptist Hospital, Lexington, Ky; Department of Radiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill; Department of Radiology University of California San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, Calif.
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