Document Detail

A step towards developing adaptive robot-mediated intervention architecture (ARIA) for children with autism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23221831     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Emerging technology, especially robotic technology, has been shown to be appealing to children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Such interest may be leveraged to provide repeatable, accurate and individualized intervention services to young children with ASD based on quantitative metrics. However, existing robot-mediated systems tend to have limited adaptive capability that may impact individualization. Our current work seeks to bridge this gap by developing an adaptive and individualized robot-mediated technology for children with ASD. The system is composed of a humanoid robot with its vision augmented by a network of cameras for real-time head tracking using a distributed architecture. Based on the cues from the child's head movement, the robot intelligently adapts itself in an individualized manner to generate prompts and reinforcements with potential to promote skills in the ASD core deficit area of early social orienting. The system was validated for feasibility, accuracy, and performance. Results from a pilot usability study involving six children with ASD and a control group of six typically developing (TD) children are presented.
Esubalew T Bekele; Uttama Lahiri; Amy R Swanson; Julie A Crittendon; Zachary E Warren; Nilanjan Sarkar
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2012-12-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering : a publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1558-0210     ISO Abbreviation:  IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-11     Completed Date:  2013-09-05     Revised Date:  2013-12-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101097023     Medline TA:  IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  289-99     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Autistic Disorder / rehabilitation*
Biomimetics / instrumentation*
Child, Preschool
Computer-Aided Design
Equipment Design
Equipment Failure Analysis
Man-Machine Systems*
Play Therapy / instrumentation*
Robotics / instrumentation*,  methods
Therapy, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation*,  methods
Grant Support
1R01MH091102-01A1/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH091102/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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