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Stenting of the descending thoracic aorta: a 6-year single-center experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21297139     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objectives: The aim of this study was to review the six-year results of the endovascular repair of descending thoracic aortic pathologies, reporting the early perioperative outcomes as well as the mid-term follow-up of the treated patients. Methods: Fifty-five consecutive patients who underwent endovascular repair for thoracic aortic pathology (29 aneurysms, 17 acute thoracic aortic syndromes, and six traumatic aortic ruptures) during a six-year period were retrospectively reviewed. From these patients, 30 (54.5%) were treated electively and 25 (45.5%) on an emergency basis. In eight cases (14.5%) there was a need for left subclavian artery orifice overstenting. In seven patients (12.7%) an abdominal aortic lesion was simultaneously treated, while three more patients (5.5%) had previously had their abdominal aortic aneurysm repaired. Results: The primary technical success was 92.7%. Seven patients (12.7%) underwent some operation related complication, while postoperative complications occurred in five patients (9.1%), namely four myocardial infarctions, one acute respiratory distress syndrome and two delayed parapareses resulting in an overall incidence of neurological complications of 3.6%. The combined 30-day and in-hospital mortality was 9.1%, exclusively related to patients treated emergently (P=0.01). In a mean follow-up period of 34 months there were six deaths, and the overall cumulative survival at four years was estimated at 72.6%. Only one type II endoleak was observed one month after the procedure and it spontaneously disappeared 18 months later. Conclusions: The endovascular repair of descending thoracic aortic pathologies seems to be a well-established method, with favorable morbidity and mortality rates, at least for 30 days and in the mid-term. Taking into account the potential of a wide application of the endovascular technique in many vascular centers, stenting of the thoracic aorta might offer an overall better solution for patients suffering from these devastating pathologies. Keywords: Endovascular repair; Descending thoracic aortic pathology; Stent-graft.
Authors:
Miltiadis I Matsagkas; Ioanna E Kirou; George Kouvelos; Eleni M Arnaoutoglou; John C Papakostas; Christos Katsouras; George Papadopoulos; Lampros K Michalis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1569-9285     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101158399     Medline TA:  Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Vascular Surgery Unit, School of Medicine, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece.
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