Document Detail


Stenting large bowel obstruction avoids a stoma: consecutive series of 100 patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20874797     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aim  Large bowel obstruction (LBO) is a surgical emergency that requires urgent operative intervention and often a stoma. The introduction of a self-expanding metallic stent provides an alternative for this group of patients. The aim of this study was to assess prospectively the results in the first 100 consecutive patients with LBO undergoing attempted self-expanding metallic stent insertion at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia. Method  A prospective consecutive uncontrolled trial of 100 patients having an attempted self-expanding metallic stent insertion for LBO was performed after institutional ethical approval. Results  The mean age was 63.9 years (range 16-95). Primary colorectal cancer was the most common cause of LBO (61%). A self-expanding metallic stent was inserted with a palliative intent in 89% of patients. An initial technical success rate of 87% was achieved. Overall 30-day mortality was 7% (95% CI, 3.4-13.7%), with only one stent-related death within 30 days of stent insertion. Morbidity occurred in 20% of patients. Surgery was avoided in 69 patients and permanent stoma was avoided in 72 patients. The median follow up was 34.5 months (range 1-64 months). Conclusion  In this uncontrolled study, self-expanding metallic stents had a low morbidity and a low procedure-related mortality. A randomized controlled trial has commenced in our institution, in which length of stay, quality of life, morbidity and mortality of patients with stents are compared with those of patients having open procedures during palliative care for LBO.
Authors:
C J Young; M K L Suen; J Young; M J Solomon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1463-1318     ISO Abbreviation:  Colorectal Dis     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883611     Medline TA:  Colorectal Dis     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1138-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Colorectal Disease © 2011 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.
Affiliation:
Department of Colorectal Surgery, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Surgical Outcomes Research Centre (SOuRCe), Royal Prince Alfred Hospital and University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
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