Document Detail

Stem cells: The root of all cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19772947     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The plant basic body plan is laid down during embryogenesis. All post-embryonic development has its origin in the stem cells located in niches in the heart of the shoot and root meristems. Creating the root niche requires auxin dependent patterning cues that provide positional information in combination with parallel inputs to specify and maintain the root stem cell niche from embryogenesis onwards. Once established, the architecture of the root niche differs from that in the shoot but recent findings reveal a conserved module for stem cell control. Important for stem cell maintenance is the balance between cell division and differentiation. Dealing with the environment is the biggest challenge for plants and that includes complete regeneration of stem cell systems upon damage. Here we will address these issues as we follow the formation, function and maintenance of the root stem cell niche during development.
Inez Terpstra; Renze Heidstra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2009-09-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in cell & developmental biology     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1096-3634     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin. Cell Dev. Biol.     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-25     Completed Date:  2010-02-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9607332     Medline TA:  Semin Cell Dev Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1089-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Arabidopsis / metabolism*
Body Patterning
Cell Differentiation
Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
Indoleacetic Acids / metabolism
Meristem / cytology*
Models, Biological
Plant Physiological Phenomena
Plant Proteins / metabolism*
Plant Roots / cytology*,  metabolism
Stem Cells / cytology*
Transcription, Genetic
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Indoleacetic Acids; 0/Plant Proteins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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