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Steady-state pharmacokinetics of zidovudine in Chinese HIV-infected patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22884056     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: The pharmacokinetics of zidovudine (AZT) are possibly influenced by weight, age, sex, liver and renal functions, severity of disease, and ethnicity. Currently, little information is available on the steady-state pharmacokinetics of AZT in Chinese HIV-infected patients. The current study aimed to characterize the steady-state pharmacokinetics of AZT in a Chinese set-up.
METHODS: Eleven Chinese HIV-infected patients were involved in the steady-state pharmacokinetic study. In total, 300 mg of AZT, as a part of combination therapy, was given to patients, and serial blood samples were collected for 12 hours. The samples were measured by a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay, and the results were analyzed by both the non-compartment model and the one-compartment model.
RESULTS: The C(max) of AZT in Chinese patients was higher than that in non-Asian patients. The half-life of AZT, analyzed by the non-compartment model (P = 0.02), in male patients ((1.02 ± 0.22) hours) was shorter than that of AZT in female patients ((1.55 ± 0.29) hours). The AZT clearance, analyzed by the one-compartment model (P = 0.045), in male patients ((262.60 ± 28.13) L/h) was higher than that in female patients ((195.85 ± 60.51) L/h).
CONCLUSION: The present study provides valuable information for the clinical practice of AZT-based highly active antiretroviral therapy in a Chinese set-up.
Li-Feng Liu; Lu Wang; Qiang Fu; Zhu Zhu; Jing Xie; Yang Han; Zheng-Yin Liu; Min Ye; Tai-Sheng Li
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese medical journal     Volume:  125     ISSN:  0366-6999     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513795     Medline TA:  Chin Med J (Engl)     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1931-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Infectious Diseases Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China.
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