Document Detail


Status and problems of fusion reactor development.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11402837     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Thermonuclear fusion of deuterium and tritium constitutes an enormous potential for a safe, environmentally compatible and sustainable energy supply. The fuel source is practically inexhaustible. Further, the safety prospects of a fusion reactor are quite favourable due to the inherently self-limiting fusion process, the limited radiologic toxicity and the passive cooling property. Among a small number of approaches, the concept of toroidal magnetic confinement of fusion plasmas has achieved most impressive scientific and technical progress towards energy release by thermonuclear burn of deuterium-tritium fuels. The status of thermonuclear fusion research activity world-wide is reviewed and present solutions to the complicated physical and technological problems are presented. These problems comprise plasma heating, confinement and exhaust of energy and particles, plasma stability, alpha particle heating, fusion reactor materials, reactor safety and environmental compatibility. The results and the high scientific level of this international research activity provide a sound basis for the realisation of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), whose goal is to demonstrate the scientific and technological feasibility of a fusion energy source for peaceful purposes.
Authors:
U Schumacher
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Die Naturwissenschaften     Volume:  88     ISSN:  0028-1042     ISO Abbreviation:  Naturwissenschaften     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-06-13     Completed Date:  2001-07-05     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400767     Medline TA:  Naturwissenschaften     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  102-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institut für Plasmaforschung, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 31, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany. schumach@ipf.uni-stuttgart.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Deuterium*
Nuclear Fusion*
Nuclear Reactors*
Research / trends
Safety
Tritium*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
10028-17-8/Tritium; 7782-39-0/Deuterium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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