Document Detail

Statistical and molecular analyses of evolutionary significance of red-green color vision and color blindness in vertebrates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15647522     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Red-green color vision is strongly suspected to enhance the survival of its possessors. Despite being red-green color blind, however, many species have successfully competed in nature, which brings into question the evolutionary advantage of achieving red-green color vision. Here, we propose a new method of identifying positive selection at individual amino acid sites with the premise that if positive Darwinian selection has driven the evolution of the protein under consideration, then it should be found mostly at the branches in the phylogenetic tree where its function had changed. The statistical and molecular methods have been applied to 29 visual pigments with the wavelengths of maximal absorption at approximately 510-540 nm (green- or middle wavelength-sensitive [MWS] pigments) and at approximately 560 nm (red- or long wavelength-sensitive [LWS] pigments), which are sampled from a diverse range of vertebrate species. The results show that the MWS pigments are positively selected through amino acid replacements S180A, Y277F, and T285A and that the LWS pigments have been subjected to strong evolutionary conservation. The fact that these positively selected M/LWS pigments are found not only in animals with red-green color vision but also in those with red-green color blindness strongly suggests that both red-green color vision and color blindness have undergone adaptive evolution independently in different species.
Shozo Yokoyama; Naomi Takenaka
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2005-01-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular biology and evolution     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0737-4038     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Biol. Evol.     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-29     Completed Date:  2005-09-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501455     Medline TA:  Mol Biol Evol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  968-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biology, Rollins Research Center, Emory University, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Color Perception / genetics*
Color Vision Defects / genetics*
Evolution, Molecular*
Retinal Pigments
Vertebrates / genetics*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Retinal Pigments

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