Document Detail

Statistical models for analysing time-to-occurrence data in radiobiology and radiation oncology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7902403     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Two different methods for analysing late complications data are contrasted and compared. The two methods are the Cox Proportional Hazards model and the Mixture model. The potential limitations of both methods are described together with the circumstances in which one or the other of the methods is preferable. The results from the two methods of analysis will usually be qualitatively similar and frequently quantitatively similar. For estimating the ratio of parameters, such as the alpha/beta ratio if the linear-quadratic model holds, the Cox model is the preferred method. For estimating the proportion with complications by a given follow-up time, the Mixture model is the preferred method. For data, such as from experimental animals, in which there is little censoring during the time period of interest, the Mixture model will usually be the better analysis. In contrast, for data, such as clinical data, in which there is a lot of censoring throughout the time period in which complications occur, the Cox model will usually give a more reliable analysis especially in situations where there are a small number of complications. Both methods are applied to a mouse spinal cord data set and to a clinical head and neck data set. The bias, efficiency, and coverage rate of confidence intervals and robustness of the two methods are compared in a Monte Carlo simulation.
J M Taylor; D K Kim
Related Documents :
9880993 - Urn sampling and the proportional hazard model.
7705903 - Improved methods of estimating survival probabilities applied to renal transplant data.
25300453 - The origins and radiation of australian coptotermes termites: from rainforest to desert...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of radiation biology     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0955-3002     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Radiat. Biol.     Publication Date:  1993 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-01-06     Completed Date:  1994-01-06     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809243     Medline TA:  Int J Radiat Biol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  627-40     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Radiation Oncology, UCLA Medical Center 90024-1714.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Models, Statistical*
Monte Carlo Method
Neoplasms / radiotherapy*
Proportional Hazards Models
Time Factors
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Effects of low-doses of X-rays on the expression of human cell surface CD2 antigen in CD2+ CHO cells...
Next Document:  Pancreatico-duodenectomy for cancer and precancer in familial adenomatous polyposis.