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Statistical methods for hazards and health.
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MedLine Citation:
PMID:  598347     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective of this article is to document the need for further development of statistical methodology, training of more statisticians and improved communication between statisticians and the many other disciplines engaged in environmental research. Discussion of adequacy of the current statistical methodology requires the use of examples, which will hopefully not be offensive to the authors. Reference is made to recent developments and areas of unsolved problems delineated in three broad areas: enumeration data and adjusted rates; time series; and multiple regression. A brief outline of the ideas behind current methods of analyzing discrete data is followed by a demonstration of their utility using an example of the effects of exposure, sex, and education on bronchitis rates. Examples are listed of the ubiquity of the time component when relating pollution effects to each other and to health effects. An artificial example is used to emphasize the effects of time-dependent autocorrelations, trends, and cycles. References are given to a variety of new developments in time-dependent autocorrelations, trends, and cycles. References are given to a variety of new developments in time-series analysis. Discussion of the pitfalls in multiple regression analysis, and possible alternative approaches is largely based on two recent reviews and includes references to recent developments of robust techniques.
Y M Bishop
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental health perspectives     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0091-6765     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Health Perspect.     Publication Date:  1977 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1978-03-10     Completed Date:  1978-03-10     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330411     Medline TA:  Environ Health Perspect     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  149-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Bronchitis / epidemiology,  etiology
Environmental Exposure
Environmental Health*
Models, Biological
Sex Factors
Smoking / complications
Statistics as Topic*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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Journal Information
Journal ID (nlm-ta): Environ Health Perspect
ISSN: 0091-6765
Article Information
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Print publication date: Month: 10 Year: 1977
Volume: 20First Page: 149 Last Page: 157
ID: 1637341
PubMed Id: 598347

Statistical methods for hazards and health.
Y M Bishop

Article Categories:
  • Research Article

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