Document Detail

Statins, inflammation and kidney disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21629228     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Inflammation is highly prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is consistently associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Clinical event rates increase with declining renal function and activation of the acute-phase response. Statins are potent anti-inflammatory drugs that reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events. Owing to the increased prevalence of inflammation in patients with CKD and the potent effect of statins in individuals with elevated levels of C-reactive protein, these drugs should be especially effective in patients with CKD. Whereas data indicate that pravastatin may prevent loss of kidney function to a greater extent in individuals with evidence of increased inflammation than in those who show no inflammation, two large, randomized statin trials in patients on hemodialysis found no benefit of statin therapy, neither in the whole study group nor after stratifying for inflammation. Irrespective of inflammation, guidelines recommend treatment of dyslipidemia in early stages of CKD, which is supported by results from recent meta-analyses, and the Study of Heart and Renal Protection (SHARP), a large, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.
Vera Krane; Christoph Wanner;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nature reviews. Nephrology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1759-507X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101500081     Medline TA:  Nat Rev Nephrol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Medicine 1, Division of Nephrology, University of Würzburg, Oberdürrbacher Straβe 6, 97080 Würzburg, Germany.
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