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Statins affect ocular microcirculation in patients with hypercholesterolaemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21457486     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Purpose:  To investigate the effect of statins on ocular microcirculation in patients with hypercholesterolaemia. Methods:  Ten patients with hypercholesterolaemia were included in this study. The diameter of retinal vessels was measured continuously with the retinal vessel analyser (RVA) before and 4 weeks after statin therapy. After baseline assessment, a monochromatic luminance flicker was applied to evoke retinal vasodilation. Flicker response was then analysed after 50, 150 and 250 seconds after baseline measurement. Additionally, cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglyceride levels were obtained to find a possible correlation between retinal vessel diameter changes and lipid metabolism before and after statin therapy. Results:  The mean diameter of the arterioles before statin therapy at baseline was 106.3 ± 1.5 μm and the mean diameter of the venules at baseline was 127.3 ± 2.5 μm. The mean diameter of the arterioles 4 weeks before statin therapy was 107.3 ± 1.8 μm after 50 seconds, 107.9 ± 1.8 μm after 150 seconds and 108.0 ± 1.8 μm after 250 seconds (p = 0.01). The mean diameter of the venules 4 weeks before statin therapy was 128.0 ± 2.6 μm after 50 seconds, 128.2 ± 2.5 μm after 150 seconds and 128.2 ± 2.3 μm after 250 seconds (p = 0.01). The mean diameter of the arterioles 4 weeks after statin therapy at baseline was 107.1 ± 1.6 μm and the mean diameter of the venules at baseline was 127.7 ± 2.3 μm which was significantly different from measurements before statin therapy (p = 0.004). The diameter of the arterioles 4 weeks after statin therapy increased to 109.2 ± 2.1 μm after 50 seconds, to 110.6 ± 2.6 μm after 150 seconds and to 111.8 ± 2.3 μm after 250 seconds with statistical significance at all time points (p = 0.001). The mean diameter of the venules after statin therapy increased to 130.6 ± 2.7 μm after 50 seconds, to 132.1 ± 2.6 μm after 150 seconds and to 133.5 ± 3.0 μm after 250 seconds with statistical significance at all time points (p = 0.001). Conclusions:  The present study demonstrated a significant increase in vasodilatation of retinal arterioles and venules 4 weeks after statin therapy in patients with hypercholesterolaemia indicating pleiotropic effects of statins on the retinal microcirculation which seem to be mediated by the endothelium-dependent, NO-mediated pathway.
Authors:
Naim Terai; Eberhard Spoerl; Sabine Fischer; Karin Hornykewycz; Michael Haustein; Janek Haentzschel; Lutz E Pillunat
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta ophthalmologica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1755-3768     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101468102     Medline TA:  Acta Ophthalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Acta Ophthalmologica © 2011 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation.
Affiliation:
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Dresden, Dresden, Germany Department of InternaI Medicine III, University Hospital Dresden, Dresden, Germany.
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