Document Detail

State-of-the-art of non-hormonal methods of contraception: III. Intrauterine devices.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20230337     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Since the 1959 revival of the IUD, non-hormonal devices have become the most widely used of all reversible contraceptives. Pregnancy rates of copper-releasing IUDs in current use range from approximately 0.5 to 1.5 per hundred continuing users in the first year, with somewhat lower annual pregnancy rates thereafter. Evidence-based research has been systematically conducted and translated into guidelines for eligibility criteria and problem management. Recent device research, beyond the T, Multiload and frameless devices has centred on improved designs such as U ,Y and Slimline shapes, or enhanced copper release, the latter through electrochemical effects or nanotechnology applications. Other IUD research foci concern devices that decrease bleeding and pain by releasing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Yet other research lines indicate noncontraceptive benefits of copper intrauterine devices in protecting against endometrial cancer, and favourable risk-benefit analyses of IUD use by women at risk of or post HIV infection. IUD mechanisms of action and the relation of IUDs to pelvic infection and ectopic pregnancy are briefly reviewed. For our literature search we used Medline, Popline and Cochrane Library data bases, Google search, our personal files, and the references contained in articles in our files.
Irving Sivin; István Batár
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1473-0782     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712127     Medline TA:  Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  96-112     Citation Subset:  IM    
Population Council, New York, NY10065, USA.
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