Document Detail

State-of-the-art of non-hormonal methods of contraception: IV. Natural family planning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20141492     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Despite the popularity of 'modern' contraceptives, natural family planning (NFP), including fertility awareness-based (FAB) methods and withdrawal, are practised in most countries. Worldwide FAB methods and withdrawal are used, respectively, by about 3.6% and 2.9% of all couples of reproductive age. This article describes the underpinnings of the different NFP methods, their rationales, histories, rules for use, efficacy and in broad categories their prevalence. Pregnancy rates of FAB methods with perfect use have ranged between 0.3 and 5.0 per 100 users per year, but typical use rates rises into the teens or higher. Withdrawal requires the male partner to be aware of his impending climax and to pull out of the vagina before ejaculation. Perfect use and typical pregnancy rates for withdrawal are estimated to be 4 and 27 per 100 per year, respectively. Many couples find NFP in accord with their own beliefs, satisfactory in its effectiveness and useful in planning a desired pregnancy. Many prize their self-control in practising NFP or withdrawal. In our research we used Medline, Popline and the Cochrane Library search engines in English, local institutional libraries, our own files in our native languages, the literature references contained therein, and source recommendations from colleagues.
Günter Freundl; Irving Sivin; István Batár
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1473-0782     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712127     Medline TA:  Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  113-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Sektion Natürliche Fertilität, Universities of Düsseldorf and Heidelberg, Germany.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Improving diagnostic criteria for Propionibacterium acnes osteomyelitis: A retrospective analysis.
Next Document:  Energy expenditure of transfemoral amputees walking on a horizontal and tilted treadmill simulating ...